От Магомета до Реформации

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  • Предсказание эльфов. Страницы 1 2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |26 |27 |28 |29 |30 |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 |36 |37 |38 |39 |40 |41 |42 |43 |44 |45 |46 |47 |48 |49 |50 |51 |52 |53 |54 |55 |56 |57 |58 |59 |60 |61 |62 |63 |64 |65 |66 |67 |68 |69 |70 |71 |72 |73 |74 |75 |76 |77 |78 |79 |80 |81 |82 |83 |84 |85 |86 |87 |88 |89 |90 |91 |92 |93 |94 |95 |96 |97 |98 |99 |100 |101 |102 |103 |104 |105 |106 |107 |108 |109 |110 |111 |112 |113 |114 |115 |116 |117 |118 |119 |120 |121 |122 |123 |124 |125
  • Гадальщик на камешках. Страницы 1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15
  • От каменного века до элевсинских мистерий. Страницы1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |26 |27 |28 |29 |30 |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 |36 |37 |38 |39 |40 |41 |42 |43 |44 |45 |46 |47 |48 |49 |50 |51 |52 |53 |54 |55 |56 |57 |58 |59 |60 |61 |62 |63 |64 |65 |66 |67 |68 |69 |70 |71 |72 |73 |74 |75 |76 |77 |78 |79 |80 |81 |82 |83 |84 |85 |86 |87 |88 |89 |90 |91 |92 |93 |94 |95 |96 |97 |98 |99 |100 |101 |102 |103 |104 |105 |106 |107 |108 |109 |110 |111 |112 |113 |114 |115 |116 |117 |118 |119 |120 |121 |122 |123 |124 |125 |126 |127 |128 |129 |130 |131 |132 |133 |134 |135 |136 |137 |138 |139 |140 |141 |142 |143 |144 |145 |146 |148 |149 |150 |151 |152 |153 |154 |155 |156 |157 |158 |159 |160 |161 |162 |163 |164 |165 |166 |167 |168 |169 |170 |171 |172 |173 |174 |175 |176 |177 |178 |179 |180 |181 |182 |183 |184 |185 |186 |187 |188 |189 |190 |191 |192 |193 |194 |195 |196 |197 |198 |199 |200 |201 |202 |203 |204 |205 |206 |207 |208 |209 |210 |211 |212 |213 |214 |215 |216 |217 |218 |219 |220 |221 |222 |223 |224 |225 |226 |227 |228 |229 |230 |231 |232 |233 |234 |235 |236 |237 |238 |239 |240 |241 |242 |243 |244 |245 |246 |247 |248 |249 |250 |251 |252 |253 |254 |255 |256 |257 |258 |259 |260 |261 |262 |263 |264 |265 |266 |267 |268 |269 |270 |271 |272 |273 |274 |275 |276 |277 |278 |279 |280 |281 |282 |283 |284 |285 |286 |287 |288 |289 |290 |291 |292 |293 |294 |295 |296 |297 |298 |299
  • От Магомета до Реформации. Страницы1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |26 |27 |28 |29 |30 |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 |36 |37 |38 |39 |40 |41 |42 |43 |44 |45 |46 |47 |48 |49 |50 |51 |52 |53 |54 |55 |56 |57 |58 |59 |60 |61 |62 |63 |64 |65 |66 |67 |68 |69 |70 |71 |72 |73 |74 |75 |76 |77 |78 |79 |80 |81 |82 |83 |84 |85 |86 |87 |88 |89 |90 |91 |92 |93 |94 |95 |96 |97 |98 |99 |100 |101 |102 |103 |104 |105 |106 |107 |108 |109 |110 |111 |112 |113 |114 |115 |116 |117 |118 |119 |120 |121 |122 |123 |124 |125 |126 |127 |128 |129 |130 |131 |132 |133 |134 |135 |136 |137 |138 |139 |140 |141 |142 |143 |144 |145 |146 |147 |148 |149 |150 |151 |152 |153 |154 |155 |156 |157 |158 |159 |160 |161 |162 |163 |164 |165 |166 |167 |168 |169 |170 |171 |172 |173 |174 |175 |176 |177 |178 |179 |180 |181 |182 |183 |184 |185 |186 |187 |188 |189 |190 |191 |192 |193 |194 |195 |196 |197 |198 |199 |200 |201 |202 |203 |204 |205 |206 |207 |208 |209 |210 |211 |212 |213 |214 |215 |216 |217 |218 |219 |220 |221 |222 |223 |224 |225 |226 |227 |228 |229 |230 |231 |232
  • Оккультизм, колдовство и моды в культуре. Страницы1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |26 |27 |28 |29 |30 |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 |36 |37 |38 |39 |40 |41 |42 |43 |44 |45 |46 |47 |48 |49 |50 |51 |52 |53 |54 |55 |56 |57 |58 |59 |60 |61 |62 |63 |64 |65 |66 |67 |68 |69 |70 |71 |72 |73 |74 |75 |76 |77 |78 |79 |80 |81 |82 |83 |84
  • Предсказание эльфов

    почитание икон. Добавим, что иконоборцы уничтожали абсолютно все изображения, которые им удавалось найти, а Второй Собор в Никее (787) постановил изъять всю иконоборческую литературу. До нас не дошло ни одного иконоборческого текста. О происхождении иконопочитания: A. Grabar. L'iconoclasme byzantine, dossier archeologique (P., 1957), pp. 13–91; E. Kitzinger. The Cult of Images in the Age hefore Iconoclasm. — Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 8 (1954), pp. 83-159. Сравнительное исследование: Edwin Bevan. Holy Images: An Inquiry into Idolatry and Image-Worship in Ancient Paganism and Christianity (L., 1940). Об истории полемики: N. Iorga. Histoire de la vie byzantine: Empire et civilisation d'apres les sources (Bucarest, 1934), II, pp. 30 sq., 65 sq.; E.I. Martin. A History of the Iconoclastic Controversy (N.Y., без даты); Stephen Gero. Byzantine Iconoclasm during the Reign of Constantin V (Louvain, 1977); Paul J. Alexander. The Patriarch Nicephoros of Constantinople: Ecclesiastical Policy and Image Worship in the Byzantine Empire (Oxford, 1958); Norman Baynes. The Icons before Iconoclasm. — Harvard Theological Review, 44 (1955), pp. 93-106; idem. Idolatry and the Early Church. — Byzantine Studies and Other Essais (L., 1960), pp. 116–143; Gerhart B. Ladner. The Concept of the Image in the Greek Fathers and the Byzantine Iconoclastic Controversy. — Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 7 (1953), pp. 1-34; Milton Anastos. The Argument for Iconoclasm as Presented by the Iconoclasts in 754 and 815. — Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 7 (1953), pp. 35–54. См. также: George Florovsky. Origen, Eusebius and the Iconoclastic Controversy. — Church History, 19 (1956), pp. 77–96; Peter Brown, A Dark-Age Crisis: Aspects of the Iconoclastic Controversy. — English Historical Revew, 88 (1973), pp. 1-34. Об эстетике икон и ее богословских предпосылках: Gervase Mathew. Byzantine Aesthetics (N.Y., 1963), особ. pp. 98-107; E. Kissinger. Byzantine Art in the Period between Justinian and Icono-clasme. — Berichte zum XL Internationalen Byzantinischen-Kongress (Munchen, 1958), pp. 1-56; Cyril Mango. The Art of the Byzantine Empire 312-1453 (Englewood Cliffs, 1972), pp. 21-148. Гипотеза об исламском влиянии подверглась пересмотру в работе: G.E. von Grunebaum. Byzantine iconoclasm and the influence of the Islamic environment. — ЯЯ, 2 (1962), pp. 1-10. § 259 Об истории и культурах доисламской Аравии см. краткий и четкий раздел Ирфана Шахида (Irfan Shahid) в: The Cambridge History of Islam, I (1970), pp. 3-29. См. также: H. Lammens. Le berceau de I "Islam (Rome, 1914); idem. L'Arabie occidentale avant l'Hegire (Beyrouth, 1928); W. Coskel Die Bedeutung der Beduinen in der Geschichte der Araber (Koln, 1953); F. Gabrielli (ed.). L'antica societa beduina (Rome, 1959); F. Altheim, R. Stiehl Die Araber in der alten Welt, IV (В., 1964–1968); M. Guidi Storia e cultura degli Arabi fino alia morte di Maometto (Firenze, 1951); J. Ryckmans. L'institution monarchique en Arabie meridionale avant Г Islam (Louvain, 1951). О религиях доисламской Аравии: J. Wellhausen. Reste arabischen Heidentums (3-е ed., В., 1961); G. Ryckmans. Les religions arabes preis-lamiques (2-е ed., Louvain, 1951); A. Jamme. Le pantheon sud-arabe preis-larnique d'apres les sources epigraphiques. — Le Museon, 60, 1947, pp. 57-147; J. Henninger. La religion bedouine preislamique. — L'antica societa beduina, pp. 115–140; Maria Hoftier. Die vorislamischen Religionen Arabiens. — H. Gese, M. Hofiier, K. Rudolf

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